Ghana is located at the coast of West Africa and bordering Ivory Coast, Togo and Burkina Faso. The “gold coast” of West Africa houses a flora and fauna with three main kinds of landscape: the coastal zone in the south, the strongly deforested tropical rain forest (tertiary rainforest) in the southwest and the savannah in the north. The country is under the influence of the nearby equator; as a result there is an extreme hot dry season and a warm, wet rainy season. The southern part of the country has two rainy seasons per year, the northern part one.
The backbone of the economy is agriculture where more than half of all employees work. Cacao is the main export product. Thus, the economy strongly depends on the world market price and influences the income of the majority of the workforce.
Ghana is a democratic republic with an
elected president; the political situation is solid compared to many other African
countries. This tropical country is home to different ethnic groups who speak
about 70 dialects. The main languages are English and Twi. Ghana boasts a
youthful demographic, about half of the Ghanaians
are younger than 16 years.